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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love. | 25 Images

The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 22 July 1984 since it “combines elements of architecture, artistry and design at the highest level with no known precedent or parallel”.

The Taj Mahal is considered the jewel of Mughals. Rising up like a marble monument from the bank of the Yamuna River, the Taj Mahal is considered one of India’s most important monuments and tourist attractions.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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The Taj Mahal has been called “the jewel of Mughals”. The architectural form represents a synthesis of Islamic, Persian, Indian and Turkish styles. It has been described as “the expression of love”.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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The main structure of the Taj Mahal is white marble, with a textured surface. The interior consists of symmetrical chambers with a domed central chamber with a skylight. Although its exterior facade only contains four arched openings to display the beauty of the tomb inside, it has 40 chambers on two floors to house and display treasures. The floor of the central dome, the “Mehrab”, has 16 radiating windows.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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The Taj Mahal has a huge cenotaph, a chamber housing the tomb. The cenotaph and the building are covered by an enormous dome supported by slender columns that supports a smaller finial rotunda. The main facade is enclosed in an octagonal chamber with a high-vaulted roof covered in glazed tiles. On the front are four arched openings that allow direct access to the tomb’s crypts (chambers). The pond is located on another axis to provide symmetry with the tomb chambers on all six sides of the room.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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History of the Taj Mahal

Mausoleum of Emperor Akbar at Sikandra (Agra): The red sandstone tomb was built by the Mughal emperor in the year 1603. It reflects a similar design to Taz Mahal but on a smaller scale. This panting is also considered one of India’s most adorable monuments.

The Taj Mahal was built from around 1631 to 1653, employing some 20,000 workers. About 1,000 elephants were used to help move materials during construction through the marshy terrain along the Yamuna River bank.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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The Taj Mahal was also built in memory of Mumtaz Mahal , the Empress of Emperor Shah Jahan. Mumtaz Mahal (also known as Empress Arjumand Banu Begum) was the daughter of Abu Bakr Khan, the governor general of Bengal.

Emperor Akbar had a tomb made for her burial and named her an imperial princess. At that time there was no tomb in Agra large enough to receive this honourable burial. Her father eventually purchased a small piece of land in Agra, near the fort at Fatehpur Sikri , and had a temple on it constructed. This tomb became known as the Taj Mahal.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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There are several controversies about the history of the Taj Mahal in India and abroad. According to these controversies, Mumtaz Mahal was married to Akbar’s son Salim (later Emperor Jahangir) instead of Akbar himself.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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In other debates, she was not a daughter of Abu Bakr Khan but Jahangir’s first wife Firarah Mumtaz Mahal . Her name was Arjumand Banu Begum .

Emperor Shah Jahan had the Taj Mahal built from around 1632 to 1653. The architect of the Taj Mahal was Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, who also constructed several other famous mausoleums in India.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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However, much credit goes to his daughter Arjumand Banu Begam (also known as Mumtaz Mahal) who was chosen as a bride for Emperor Jahangir by her father and later married Shah Jahan. Began to design this beautiful monument herself and it is believed that the Taj Mahal took 20 years to build because an unfortunate accident befell her while she was pregnant with her 14th child. She died in childbirth at Burhanpur (now in Madhya Pradesh). On the death of Shah Jahan his son Aurangzeb became emperor. It was only after the death of Aurangzeb that Taj Mahal and its surrounding were depleted though they are still restored to their original glory at present.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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The most famous debate on Taj Mahal is whether Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan’s or not. Those who claim that she was Shah Jahan’s wife point out that according to the Taj Mahal’s own inscription she died on February 24, 1630 while those who claim that she was not his wife say it is an imposter inscription and Mumtaz did not die in 1630. However the fact is that she was buried at Burhanpur in 1631 and it is believed that she was buried there by Shah Jahan himself.

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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love.
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