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Eiffel Tower, the Icon of Paris and a World-Renowned Landmark and one of the Tourist Attractions

The Eiffel Tower is a world-renowned landmark and tourist attraction. A gleaming symbol of everything France has to offer, it stands as a testament to the French Revolution and embodies the country’s cultural identity. It was built in 1889 by Gustave Eiffel with the intention of celebrating France’s 100th anniversary, but also to serve as an entrance arch for the World Fair (which took place right around the time). The tower is located on Champ de Mars – an area in Paris that served as a military parade ground during ancient times. To this day, it still serves as a tourist attraction but has also served as a communications tower, an observatory, and a WWII radio transmitter. It has since been given the status of a Historic Monument, and there are plans to turn it into a high-tech space for telecommunications and radio astronomy.

The Eiffel Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923), who also designed the railway bridge at Garabit viaduct in 1884. The foundation of the tower was laid on March 28, 1887, and construction lasted for 2 years and two months.

Eiffel’s original plans for the tower called for a tower of 1,040 feet (329.6m) in height, however, due to financial constraints at the time of construction, this was scaled down to 807 feet (245.3m). Construction proceeded rapidly and by May 1887 the first iron piece was put in place. The Eiffel Tower achieved its final height in mid-August and was inaugurated on March 31, 1889, with a mass by organist Clément Janequin.

The tower is built from 799 tons of steel and 3,300 tons of reinforced concrete – making it one of the few structures in the world made entirely out of reinforced concrete.

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The Eiffel Tower contains several restaurants, including the Pavilion Suvadiva and the restaurant Le Trianon. It is also the home of a viewing platform, the second in France after The Pont des Arts. The viewing platform offers panoramic views of Paris.

Even though it is made out of concrete, the tower weighs an estimated 10,800 tons – making it one of the heaviest man-made structures in existence and more than 25% heavier than the Empire State Building. The tower’s base was built four tiers deep – with diagonal braces on each floor to support it.

However, despite the tower’s impressive size and weight, it is not actually the tallest man-made structure in the world. That honor goes to Burj Khalifa – which stands over 2 miles (3.2km) taller than Eiffel Tower. And at 1,300 feet (396m) in height, it is also slightly closer to being a mile tall than Eiffel Tower. The tower’s weight – made up of 631 tons of steel and 4,500 tons of concrete – makes it almost 50% heavier than the Empire State Building arguably making it significantly taller.

The tower’s construction was made possible through a combination of very advanced engineering and design and funds from the World’s Fair. Eiffel’s original plans called for a tower of 1,040 feet (329.6m) in height – making it stronger, faster and more stable than any other construction of the time. The tower was made much larger because Eiffel needed to finance its construction after he failed to obtain financial backing for his company, Societe Generale des Etablissements Eiffel (predecessor of part of the General Electric Company).

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To ensure the tower was as strong and stable as possible, Eiffel used three main construction methods:

1) He built a very large base upon which the tower stands. This base is four tiers deep and is built on solid ground with diagonal brace beams supporting each level. The ground was leveled before construction and filled with sand and stone to help stabilize the foundation. The sand and stone were then covered with a thick layer of concrete. In total, the tower’s foundation consists of some 12,000 cubic yards (8,000m³) of concrete. Eiffel also built a protective buttress around it to secure it from movement during construction or weather conditions.

2) He used an innovative pneumatic caisson to secure the foundation. A caisson is a chamber that is sealed off from the surrounding air so the ground around it can be compressed. In this case, it was used to compress enough soil around the tower’s base to keep it stable.

3) To protect its cast iron components, Eiffel constructed a four-sided enclosure around them with three additional steel walls inside. These walls are composed of tubes filled with concrete and are surrounded by a ten-foot (three-meter) wall of reinforced concrete.

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When Gustave Eiffel built the tower, he also intended it to serve as an entrance arch for the 1889 World’s Fair (which was held in Paris). The World’s Fair was an international exhibition that allowed both countries and private companies to showcase their technological achievements. This is why the tower was designed with a very open structure – to allow visitors easy access to its interior. Though Eiffel did not win the competition – his design was selected over 700 others while another famous architect, Stephen Sauvestre, came in second with his proposal for a tower modeled after MINERVE (a female spirit of French legends).

The World’s Fair lasted from May 6th until November 11th, 1889. The Eiffel Tower was the most popular attraction of this exhibition, with around 4 million visitors. The opening of the World’s Fair also marked the end of construction on the tower.

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