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World Tour 05 | Be intrigued by Stonehenge | 20 Images

Stonehenge is one of the most intriguing historical sites in the world. While opinions differ on how and why Stonehenge came to be, there are almost as many legends that surround this amazing site.

Most people believe it was a temple built by Druids, while others believe it was a place for practicing pagan rites or worshipping ancient gods. What do you think? This is going to be an amazing journey through history.

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Be intrigued by Stonehenge
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The name Stonehenge comes from the over 2 km of standing stones and the smaller collection of burial mounds located nearby. The word “stone” is used because these were not made by human hands and not made of local stone.

Stonehenge is a circle of about 11 large monoliths (or rocks) which are aligned to the rising sun on one day in late summer, which most scholars believe was at the time of vernal equinox in March. This roughly corresponds with the mid-summer solstice, when it is day longest and night shortest (the sun stands still at its highest point over the horizon). This is a big deal because the monument was build long before the invention of the wheel, so how did they do it?

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The first people to inhabit Stonehenge were a small population of Mesolithic hunter-gatherer groups who arrived sometime between 8000 to 7000 BC. They set up camp in Durrington Walls, a village that housed hundreds of people and which probably covered about 30 acres. It would have been an ideal location from which to hunt and gather as well as socialize with other groups.

The village at Durrington Walls is important because it was there that Stonehenge was constructed, about 1500 years before being moved to its present location. The layout of both locations is strikingly similar.

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The people of Stonehenge were very different from those who lived at Durrington Walls. For example, Stonehenge was inhabited by a small population of farmers while Durrington Walls by a larger population of hunter-gatherers. From the fact that 2500 years later, in 2000 BC, between 500 and 1000 people inhabited Stonehenge, it is clear that this was a very important place indeed.

Stonehenge existed as late as 1000 AD when the “heel stone” fell over. The henges continued to be used for burials and ceremonies until the 8th century when Saxon invaders destroyed the site.

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It is generally accepted that Stonehenge is a Neolithic monument, probably constructed in several phases by different cultures over thousands of years. The location provided ideal conditions for spreading stone, which could not have been an easy task. The megalithic builders had to get their stone from quarries. The closest quarry site is probably at Avebury only 3 km from Stonehenge, which would have been very difficult given the lack of wheeled vehicles in prehistoric Britain at that time.

There are at least three major components to Stonehenge. The first is the large ring of Stonehenge itself, which is a massive circular earthwork of about 300 ft in diameter and a bank of earth 10 feet high.

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The second component is the stone circle at its centre, which has 30 standing stones (sarsen) and 4 lintels that weigh several tons each. There are two small gaps in the circle, one on the northwest side and another on the northeast side; it is believed that these were once filled with two upright stones but they were removed at some point in history. It is thought that the stones were quarried from a site at the nearby Windmill Hill.

The third component is the smaller sarsen circle on the southwest side of the main group, which contains 20 sarsen stones and 3 lintels. The purpose of this circle is unknown, but it may have been a place to deposit offerings as it was outside of the main stone circle.

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The name “Stonehenge” comes from Old English and means “hill or barrow with stones”. There are several theories about how Stonehenge might have come to be constructed:

– The idea is that Stonehenge was built by Druids, who lived in Britain before the Iron Age. While this idea has quiet a bit of support, its validity is still under debate. It is also known that Druids practiced human sacrifice in their ceremonies and most scholars believe that Stonehenge may have served as a place for this purpose as well.

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– The idea is that Stonehenge was built by people who had access to stone which they quarried from Fairy Knowe Quarry located on Windmill Hill. The problem with this theory is that the quarry was only accessible to peoples living within 5 km of the site, so it seems unlikely that the builders had knowledge of the quarry’s location and how to access it.

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