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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images

The Colosseum (Latin: Flavian Amphitheatre or Colosseum) is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of Rome, built of travertine, tufa and brick. Built over the period of 1st century BC to AD 70 at the western end of the Roman Forum, its design incorporates Roman polygonal masonry and is an example of Roman architecture. There are also two underground levels.

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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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Many famous gladiator combats took place at this venue. Its bronze and marble façade is tall, as it is 161 m (522 ft) long and more than 44 m (144 ft) wide. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. During the reign of Pope Hadrian, it was reworked into a fortress and prison; it became the largest ever Roman monument (larger than the Pantheon), serving as a prison from around 1300 to 1829. It is estimated that 20 million people have visited the Colosseum since it opened in 80 AD.

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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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The Colosseum’s name is derived from a thermal bath built nearby, to which it has belonged throughout its history. In the 1st century, the Colosseum was used for large public spectacles that could draw crowds of up to 80,000 people.

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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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The Colosseum could accommodate an audience of over 50,000 standing in its arcades in the centre and a further 50,000 to 70,000 sitting on the south side of the arena. The main auditorium was over 130 m long and 90 m wide and was capable of holding over 30,000 spectators. The building was also equipped with housing for several thousand animals used in gladiatorial games (which were located west of the arena).

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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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The main arena of the Colosseum could be covered by intersecting pendentives, which would have permitted the construction of upper galleries for spectators. It is thought that this construction had been planned since the founding of Rome and was not a result of adding new space during the end of the Umayyad reign (AD 697-750).

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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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Initially, the Colosseum was oval in shape and was constructed around a central unsupported arch. The building material meant that it had to be reinforced considerably and this reinforcement was able to carry heavy loads placed on special arches built into one side.

So, if you want to see such an amazing historical place definitely you have to go to Rome. 

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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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World Tour 03 : Amazing Colosseum Amphitheatre | 20 Images
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